Ant system: optimization by a colony of cooperating agents M Dorigo, V Maniezzo, A Colorni IEEE Transactions on Systems, man, and cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics 26 …, 1996 | 13548 | 1996 |

Distributed optimization by ant colonies A Colorni, M Dorigo, V Maniezzo Proceedings of the first European conference on artificial life 142, 134-142, 1992 | 4167 | 1992 |

Positive feedback as a search strategy M Dorigo, V Maniezzo, A Colorni | 1411 | 1991 |

The ant system applied to the quadratic assignment problem V Maniezzo, A Colorni IEEE Transactions on knowledge and data engineering 11 (5), 769-778, 1999 | 1128 | 1999 |

Ant system for job-shop scheduling M Dorigo, M Dorigo, V Manjezzo, M Trubian Belgian Journal of Operations Research 34, 39-53, 1994 | 1111 | 1994 |

Genetic evolution of the topology and weight distribution of neural networks V Maniezzo IEEE Transactions on neural networks 5 (1), 39-53, 1994 | 691 | 1994 |

An Investigation of some Properties of an" Ant Algorithm". A Colorni, M Dorigo, V Maniezzo PPSN 92 (1992), 1992 | 668 | 1992 |

The ant system: An autocatalytic optimizing process M Dorigo, V Maniezzo, A Colorni Technical report, 1991 | 652 | 1991 |

Exact and approximate nondeterministic tree-search procedures for the quadratic assignment problem V Maniezzo INFORMS journal on computing 11 (4), 358-369, 1999 | 438 | 1999 |

Heuristics from nature for hard combinatorial optimization problems A Colorni, M Dorigo, F Maffioli, V Maniezzo, G Righini, M Trubian International Transactions in Operational Research 3 (1), 1-21, 1996 | 383 | 1996 |

An exact algorithm for the resource-constrained project scheduling problem based on a new mathematical formulation A Mingozzi, V Maniezzo, S Ricciardelli, L Bianco Management science 44 (5), 714-729, 1998 | 369 | 1998 |

Ant colony optimization V Maniezzo, LM Gambardella, F De Luigi New Optimization Techniques in Engineering, 101-121, 2004 | 330* | 2004 |

Annals of Information Systems U Apte, U Karmarkar, U Kulkarni, DJ Power, R Sharda, S Kozielski, ... | 282 | 2009 |

An ANTS heuristic for the frequency assignment problem V Maniezzo, A Carbonaro Future Generation Computer Systems 16 (8), 927-935, 2000 | 270 | 2000 |

An exact method for the car pooling problem based on lagrangean column generation R Baldacci, V Maniezzo, A Mingozzi Operations Research 52 (3), 422-439, 2004 | 185 | 2004 |

Genetic algorithms and highly constrained problems: The time-table case A Colorni, M Dorigo, V Maniezzo International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, 55-59, 1990 | 180 | 1990 |

Metaheuristics for high school timetabling A Colorni, M Dorigo, V Maniezzo Computational optimization and applications 9 (3), 275-298, 1998 | 177 | 1998 |

An exact algorithm for project scheduling with resource constraints based on a new mathematical formulation A Mingozzi, V Maniezzo, S Ricciardelli, L Bianco Management Science 44 (5), 714-729, 1998 | 151 | 1998 |

A distributed geographic information system for the daily car pooling problem RW Calvo, F de Luigi, P Haastrup, V Maniezzo Computers & Operations Research 31 (13), 2263-2278, 2004 | 150 | 2004 |

Parallel genetic algorithms: Introduction and overview of current research M Dorigo Parallel Genetic Algorithms: theory and applications, 1993 | 126 | 1993 |